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咖啡历史-history coffee(二)
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咖啡历史-history coffee(二)

The cultivation of coffee began sometime in the fifteenth century, and for many centuries to follow, the Yemen province of Arabia was the world's primary source of coffee. The demand for coffee in the Near East was very high. The beans leaving the Yemeni port of Mocha for trade with Alexandria and Constantinople were highly guarded. In fact, no fertile plants were allowed to leave the country. Despite the restrictions, Muslim pilgrims from across the globe during their pilgrimages to Mecca managed to smuggle coffee plants back to their homelands, and coffee crops soon took root in India.(咖啡的耕作在15 世纪某时开始, 并且跟随了很多世纪,阿拉伯的也门省是世界的咖啡原始产地。 对在近东的咖啡的需求非常高。为与亚历山大的交易离开穆哈咖啡的也门港口的豆和康斯坦丁诺普尔被非常保卫。 实际上,没有肥沃的植物被允许离开国家。 尽管限制, 来自全球的穆斯林朝拜者在对麦加圣地的他们的朝圣期间设法将咖啡工厂走私回他们的祖国, 并且咖啡庄稼不久在印度生根。 )

  Coffee also made its way into Europe around this time through the city of Venice, where fleets traded perfumes, teas, dyes and fabrics with Arabic merchants along the Spice Route. The beverage eventually gained popularity with the masses when street lemonade vendors began selling it in addition to cold beverages. Many European merchants grew accustomed to drinking coffee overseas and brought it back with them.(咖啡也是通过威尼斯市在这时候左右进入了欧洲, 舰队在哪里做香水,茶等生意. 饮料最终从街道柠檬水卖主开始除冷的饮料之外还出售什么时候的群众获得流行。 很多欧洲商人习惯于喝酒咖啡,于是海外与他们一起的人把咖啡带回来。 )

  By the middle of the 17th century the Dutch dominated the world's merchant shipping industry, and they introduced large-scale coffee cultivation to their colonies in Indonesia on the islands of Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi and Bali. Coffee arrived in Latin America several decades later, when the French brought a cutting of a coffee plant to Martinique. But when a rare plant disease spread through the coffee fields of Southeast Asia in the mid 19th century, Brazil emerged as the world's foremost coffee producer, an honor the country still holds today.(在第17 世纪中期以前,荷兰人支配着世界商人的海运业.Sulawesi和巴厘岛的岛上有印度尼西亚的殖民地介绍大规模咖啡耕作。当法国人把一棵咖啡植物的剪报带到马提尼克时,咖啡几十年以后到达拉丁美洲。 但是一种稀有的植物,在第19 世纪中期通过东南亚的咖啡领域涂抹, 巴西作为世界的最著名的咖啡生产地,国家今天仍然以一种荣誉出现。 )


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