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作者:佚名 文章来源:教育资源库 点击数: 更新时间:2011-10-7



 babysit one’s sister  临时照顾某人的妹妹 

go camping/hiking/fishing/ sightseeing/bike riding 去野营/远足/钓鱼/观光/骑车

go away 离开

stay at home 呆在家

plan to do sth. 计划做某事

at night =in the evening  在晚上 

on the twelfth 在12号 

send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 送某人某物 

show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 把某物给某人看

how long  多久

think about考虑 

go back to school  回到学校 

go back home  回到家

take walks=have walks=go for a walk  散步

take a vacation 度假

something different 不同的东西  

in the countryside 在乡下

finish doing sth.  做完某事

decide on… 决定

decide to do sth. 决定做某事

rent videos 租影碟

have a good time=have fun=enjoy oneself 玩得高兴 

this time 这次

next time =another time 下次

too long  太久 

for vacation度假

an exciting vacation一个令人激动的假期  

a no-stress vacation一个没有压力的假期


1.What are you doing for vacation?你假期要干什么?

2.He's going camping with his parents.他要和父母去野营。

3.She's babysitting her sister.她要照看她妹妹。

4.I'm going on Monday.周一我要去。

5.How long are you staying?你要呆多长时间?

6.I'm going hiking in the mountains.我要到山中远足。

7.I'm going sightseeing.我要去观光。

8.I'm taking walks,going fishing,and going bike riding. 

9.I'm renting videos and sleeping a lot.

10.I want an exciting vacation! A no-stress vacation!


What are you doing for vacation?  I'm spending time with my friends.
When are you going?  I'm going next week.
How long are you staying?  We're staying for two weeks.



1.camp: [k?mp]

①名词 n. 野营;营地;兵营;帐篷[C][U]
The travellers set up a camp near the river. 旅游者在河边架起了帐篷。

②不及物动词 vi.扎营;宿营;露营
Where shall we camp tonight? 今夜我们在哪儿露营?
③及物动词 vt. 使扎营住宿,临时安顿
They camped the earthquake victims in tents.


【积累】go camping去野营
  The pupils planned to go camping in the mountain.

2.plan: [pl?n] 

①名词 n. [C] 计划;方案;打算[(+for/of)][+to-v]
  What's your plan for the weekend? 你打算如何过周末?

②及物动词 vt.计划;打算[(+out)][+to-v]。
She asked about the journey he had planned. 她问起他所筹划的旅行。
We're planning to visit London this summer. 我们打算今年夏天走访伦敦。


3.away: [?′wei] 

副词 adv. ① 离开[(+from) ]He hasn't been away from home before.

② (用在名词后)隔开...远;尚有...时间
The hotel is only two miles away. 旅馆离开这里只有两英里。

③不在;外出 Harry is still away. 哈里还是不在。

④ 消失;(用)光;完,...掉
At last, the music died away.音乐声终于渐渐消失。

【积累】由away构成的短语:be away from远离…… take away拿走 put away把某物收起来 run away跑开 right away立刻,马上 send away开除,打发掉

4.send: [send] 

及物动词 vt.①发送,寄
  She sent me a  Christmas card. 她给我寄来一张圣诞贺卡。
  You'd better send the letter by air. 这封信你最好寄航空。

He sent his son to return the books to the library.

【注意】send后可接双宾语,send sb.sth.(必须是名词)=send sth. to sb.
 例如:Last month I sent a letter to my pen pal in Australia.
     = Last month I sent my pen pal in Australia a letter .


5.ride: [raid]

① 动词v.  骑(马等);乘(车等)
 He learned to ride a horse at the age of nine. 他九岁时学会了骑马。
②名词n. 骑乘,搭乘,乘骑的路程
 It's a twenty-minute train ride from here.

6.famous: [′feim?s] 
形容词 a. 著名的,出名的

The city is famous for its silk. 该市以出产丝绸而闻名于世。
He is a very famous writer in this country. 他是这个国家里很有名的作家。
【积累】be famous for…因……而闻名(原因);be famous as…作为……而闻名(身份)

Zhai Zhigang is famous as the first man who walked in space in China.

Zhang Yining is famous in the world for her skills of playing pingpong.



1)代词 pron.① 某人;某事
Are you trying to hide something from me? 你是不是有什么事要瞒着我?
I have something to ask you. 我有事情要问你。

② (用以表示模糊的概念)大概;若干;什么
The parcel was ten pounds something.这包裹有十磅左右。

 ③还算幸运的事At least we didn't lose any money. That's something.


2)副词 adv. ①几分,有点;大约
She looks something like her mother.她有一点像她母亲。

② 很;非常It sounds something awful.这事听起来非常可怕。


以something,anythoing,nothing,everything,somebody,anybody,nobody, everybody, someone,anyone,anyone,everyone这类不定代词作主语时,谓语动词要用单数。
例如:Nothing else is more important than health.


8.forget: [f?′get]
动词 v.忘记,忘却

Let's forget our disagreements. 我们不要再提我们之间的争吵了。
【拓展】 forget to do sth.表示本该去做而忘记去做某事(事情没有做);forget doing sth.表示忘记做过某事(这事已经做了)。
  Don't forget to post the letter. 别忘了去寄信。
  I forgot posting the letter. 我忘了信已寄出。


9.finish: [′fini?]

  I haven't finished reading the book yet. 我还没读完这本书。
①下列动词后常常只能接动名词作宾语:advise建议; allow允许;;dislike不喜欢,讨厌;enjoy喜欢; excuse宽恕;fancy幻想,爱好, finish完成; complete完成; mind介意、反对; miss错过,想念;keep保持;pardon; 宽恕,原谅 practise练习; suggest提议;等等。
②下列短语常常接动名词: put off推迟, give up放弃, look forward to期待; feel like想要, keep on 继续,can't help (忍不住) ; can't stand(无法忍受); 等等。

10.tourist: [′tu:rist]

名词 n. 旅游者,观光者[C]
San Francisco is full of tourists in summer. 夏天去旧金山旅游的人很多。
 Mr. Adams made a tour around East Asia last year.

Many Americans tour by car in summer. 许多美国人夏天开车旅游。
②-ist是一个名词或形容词词尾,表示“做……的人,……主义者,……家”。例如:scientist科学家   biologist生物学家   socialist社会主义者



①holiday 名词 n. 一般表示时间可长可短的假期,为可数名词。与季节连用时多用复数;与数词连用时只表示次数,不表示日期。例如:
We have had three holidays since the beginning of the year.
但三天的假期应说:a holiday of three days或a three days’ holiday。
②vacation  名词n. 一般表示比较长的假期,多指大学的假期、法庭的休庭期。至于寒、暑假,英国人喜欢用:summer/winter holidays,美国人喜欢用:summer/winter vacation,区别不大。例如:
We spent our summer holidays/vacation in the countryside this year.
③leave  名词n. 多指政府部门、机关、事业单位、部队等的休假。常用的短语ask for leave for three days意思为:请三天假。例如:
The worker asked for leave for two days to see a doctor.
④off 副词adv. 表示休假、不工作、不上班,多用于名词后作定语,例如:
The teacher will give me five days off.
I requested two minutes off during the meeting.
1.Christmas is an important ___________ for everyone in the West.
2.The students are now on ____________ in the south of China.
3.We will spend our winter ____________ in a few days’ time.
4.You had better ask the teacher for two days’ ___________ .
5.The boss gave the worker two days ____________ .
(Keys: 1.holiday/ vacation 2.holiday/vacation 3.holidays/vacation   4.leave 5.off )


( 一)用in的场合
           She came to this city in 1980.他于1980年来到这个城市。
          They will go to see you in a week.他们将在一周后去看望你。
           Great changes took place in the twentieth century.
           The Anti-Japanese War broke out in the 1930s.
      除此之外,morning / evening / afternoon 三个词也常跟介词in连用。例如:
       Don't watch TV too much in the evening.晚上看电视不要太多。
       They sometimes play games in the afternoon.

         Jack was born on May 10th,1982.杰克生于1982年5月10日。
         We don't go to school on Saturday and Sunday.

         I heard this story on Saturday morning.

         We usually eat mooncakes on Mid-autumn Festival.

         Mr Hu received a card on Teachers' Day.

       on the early morning of September 10th 在9月10的清晨
       on the late afternoon of September 12th 在9月12日的傍晚
( 三 )用at的场合
        He gets up at six o'clock every day .他每天六点起床。
        I got home at five thirty yesterday afternoon.

        They were happy at that time.他们那时很幸福。
        I think the shop is clcsed at this time of day.

        What do you often do at noon?你中午经常做些什么?
        You can see many stars in the sky at night.

    At the age of nine ,the boy could swim well.

【注意】在含有next ,last,this,one ,any, each, every , some, all的词组和tomorrow,yesterday, the day after tomorrow, the day before yesterday 前不用任何介词。例如:
      What did you do last summer holidays?去年暑假你做了些什么?
      What are you going to do the day after tomorrow?



“ go +动词-ing形式惯用结构:用于表示去从事某种(体育或娱乐等)活动 常见的这类短语有:
go bathing(去洗澡),go boating(去划船),go camping(去野营),go  climbing(去爬山),go cycling(骑车),go dancing(去跳舞),   go    drinking(去喝饮料),go fishing(去钓鱼),go hiking(去徒步旅行),go hunting(去狩猎),go marketing(去赶集),go riding(骑马),go  shopping(去购物), go skating(去溜冰),go skiing(去滑雪)…etc.
此外,还可以通过构成合成词使动词-ing形式带上逻辑宾语或逻辑状语。例如:go sightseeing(去观光)  go job-hunting(去找工作)  go surf-ridin
(去冲浪)  go water-skiing(去划水)  go mountain climbing(去爬山) go mushroom collecting(去采蘑菇)go horse riding(去骑马)
   上述结构中,有时也可用come取代go,以表示参加到说话人或听话人的活动之中,整个结构的意义相当于(to) come to do (an activity)。这时,句中常带with介词短语。例如:
Come boating with us tomorrow?    明天同我们一道划船吧?
I’ll come walking with you in an hour or so. 


show sb. sth.=show sth. to sb.,意为“给某人某物”。例如:
   Let me show you my new photos.=Let me show my new photos to you.

②词组show sb. around …意为“带领某人参观……
    Let me show you around our school.让我带领你们参观我校吧!
                 be on show正在展出
                a flower show花展
【拓展】“主语 + 及物动词 + 直接宾语(某物) + 介词to /for + 间接宾语(某人)”中,“for + 间接宾语”与“to + 间接宾语”的区别

(1) 具有“为……而做”的含义的双宾语动词其间接宾语后置时,间接宾语要加介词for。for sb 侧重于“为某人”,意为“帮助某人做某事;为某人提供某种服务”表示动作的“目的性”;此类动词常见的有:buy, read, sing, make, build, mend, cook, fetch(去拿)等。如:

My father makes a kite for me every spring.

(2) 具有方向性动作的双宾语动词,其后面的间接宾语后置时,通常加介词to。to sb侧重于“给某人”,表示某人接受或收到了某物。此类动词常见的有:bring, give, leave, lend, pass, return, send, show, take, throw, hand, teach等。例如:

Pass the English book to me. 请把那张英语书递给我。

(1) bring,take,carry,fetch 
  ①Bring作“带来”、“拿来”解; take是bring的反义词,作“带去”、“拿去”解。例:
        Next time don’t forget to bring me a copy of your work.
        Please take these books to the library for me.
  ②Carry表示“运载”、“携带”之意,运送的方式很多,可以用车、船,也可以用手甚至用头;fetch则表示“去拿来”(go and bring)的意思。例:
  This bus is licensed to carry 30 passengers.
Please fetch me the documents in that room.
  Take that box and bring it with you,or if it is too heavy for you to carry  it, I’ll  send  Joe to fetch it.

(2)think about,  think of, think over
think about,think of和think over在用法和意义上是有些差别的。
①think about和think of这两个短语表示“考虑”、“对……有某种看法”
Don't think of(about)me any more.不要再考虑我。
They're thinking about(of)buying a new car.他们正在考虑买一辆新车。
What do you think of(about)the film?你认为那部影片怎么样?
②think of表示下列意义时,一般不和think about换用:“想起;想到”。
例如:I can't think of his name.我想不起他的名字。  
③think about表示“回想过去的事情”、“考虑某计划是否切实可行”时,一般不和think of换用。例如:
I'll think about your suggestion,and give you an answer tomorrow.
④think over意为“仔细考虑”。例如:
Think over,and you'll find a way.仔细考虑一下,你就会有办法的。
We need several days to think this matter over.

我们需要几天的时间把这件事情仔细考虑一下。  (时间可以解决一切问题啊! Time tries all.时间检验一切。)

【积累】 “三思而后行”:
①Think twice before your action.  ②Think carefully before you act. 
③Look before you leap.


① forget 意为“遗忘某物”,指忘记一件具体的东西,但不能有具体的地点。即 forget 通常不能与表示地点的副词或短语连用。
  Oh, I’ve forgotten my wallet. 噢,我忘记带钱包了。
  Don’t forget the cases. 别忘了带箱子。  
  Oh, I’ve forgotten my key. 噢,我忘记带我的钥匙了。
  Don’t forget the tickets and an unbrella. 别忘了带票和雨伞。
② leave 意为“把某物遗忘在某处”,后应接具体的地点。即leave 通常要与表示地点的状语连用。  
  Oh, I’ve left my wallet at home. 噢,我的钱包放在家里忘记带了。
  Where did I leave my shopping? 我把买到的东西忘在哪儿了?
比较:  I forgot my umbrella yesterday. 我昨天忘了带雨伞。
        I have left my umbrella at home. 我把伞忘在家里了。

提醒】同学们,不要丢三落四了,花点“时间”做好计划(plan)吧!只要我们舍得花 “时间”,从此就会“细思量,自难忘。”.
Time is money.       一寸光阴一寸金。
Time and tide wait for no man.       岁月不等人。
The wisest thing is time, for it brings everything to light
If you work hard, you’ll succeed in time.       功到自然成。
With time and patience the leaf of the mulberry becomes satin.     


1.What are you doing for vacation? I’m babysitting my sister.


翻译:李平假期要做什么?他要去野营. _____________________________________ .

2.Who are you going with? I’m going with my parents.





3.I’m going to Tibet for a week. 我要去西藏一周。

翻译  你要在香港呆多长时间?只呆4天,我不喜欢离开太长时间。

     _________________________________________________________ .


4.What are you doing there? I’m going hiking in the mountains.

你在那里要做什么? 我要在山区里远足。


5.Show me your photos when we get back to school.




6.Where are you going for vacation? I’m going to Hawaii for vacation.



7.I’m going to Hawaii for vacation in December, and I’m staying for three weeks.我要在12月去夏威夷度假,在那里呆3个星期。


8.What is it like there? 那里什么样子?



9. Can I ask you some questions about your vacation plans?


翻译:他向我打听你家的情况。_________________________________________ .

10. He thought about going to Greece or Spain, but decided on Canada.



11. He is leaving the first week in June and staying until September.



12. Please don’t forget to close the door when you leave.

翻译:请记得要随手关灯。_____________________________ .

13.She couldn’t wait to get home to see he parents.


翻译:我迫不及待地打开我收到的生日礼物。_______________________ .
1. What is Li Ping doing for vacation? He’s going camping.

2. Who is Wang Lin going sightseeing with?He’s going with his friends.

3. How long are you staying in Hong Kong?
   Just for four days.I don’t like going away for too long.

5. I come to show you my new photos.

8. What is the TV play like?

9. He asked me some questions about your family.

12. Please  remember to turn off the light when you leave.

13. I couldn’t wait to open my birthday presents.)







  They are going to Shanghai next week. 他们下个星期要去上海。    ——What are you doing for vacation? 你假期准备做什么?

  ——I’m visiting my friend in Hong Kong. 我准备看望我香港的朋友。   


  (1)现在进行时表示将来的句子的谓语动词绝大多数是位移动词,这样的动词有arrive, come, drive, fly, go, leave, travel等。如:

  I’m going home tonight. 我今晚回家。

  We’re leaving for Changsha tomorrow. 我们明天就去长沙。

   (2)表示位置的动词如stay, remain和动词do与have(吃、喝)。如:

  ——What are you doing next Saturday?  下星期六你准备做什么?

  ——I’m staying at home. 我将呆在家里 


  My mother is buying me a dictionary soon.


  I’m meeting you after school. 放学后我要找你。

 (三)注意点 :  


  Tom is coming here next week. 汤姆下周要来这儿。

  I’m taking an exam in October. 我将在10月份参加考试。


  ——What are you doing this Saturday? 你星期六准备做什么?

  ——I’ve no idea. 我不知道。

  ——You’re taking part in the sports meeting. 你参加运动会吧。    

  (3)大多数动词用现在进行时表示一个最近按计划或安排要进行的动作时都可用be going to结构换用,但动词go和come用现在进行时表示将来,不用于be going to结构中。如:  

  ——Are you coming tomorrow? 你明天来吗?

  ——Yes, I’m coming. 是的,我明天来。

  ——What are you doing for your vacation? 你假期准备做什么?

  ——I’m going to Tibet for a week. 我准备去西藏一周。   



  1. “你假期做什么?” “我要去野营。”

  2. “你将呆在那儿多久?” “一个月。”    
3. 她周末要照顾她的小妹妹。

  4. 我假期要去山区徒步旅行。  

  5. Molly下周要去旅行观光。

6. Susan假期要去散散步并且租些录像带来看。 


1.——What are you doing for vacation? ——I’m going camping.
2.——How long are you staying there? ——I’m staying there for a month.

3.She’s babysitting her sister at the weekend.
4.I’m going hiking in the mountains for vacation.
5.Molly is going sightseeing next week.
6.Susan is taking walks and renting videos for vacation.



1.The window _____all day,so the air is clean inside.
  A.stay open   B.stays open  C.keep closed  D.keeps close

2.I wonder(想知道)if the foreign friends_____for Shanghai next week.
   A.leave     B.leaves    C.left    D.are leaving   (重庆中考)
 【剖析】本题考查动词的时态。句意为“我想知道外国朋友下周是否去上海”。用进行时are  leaving   表示将来的情况,故答案选D.

3.Playing computer games is delightful(令人高兴的),but_____(花费)too much time on it may do harm(有害).(根据汉语填空)
【剖析】本题考查动词的形式。首先注意_____(花费)too much time on it在句中作主语,其次参考前半句的动词形式可以看出这里要用spend的动名词形式,所以应该填spending.
同学们:忠言逆耳(1. Good advice jars on the ear.2. Good advice may sound harsh to the ears),但要记住这条建议啦!

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