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作者:佚名 文章来源:教育资源库 点击数: 更新时间:2011-10-7



study for a test 复习考试

go to the doctor 去看病 

have/take a piano lesson 上钢琴课

help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事 

help sb. with sth. 在某方面帮助某人 

Thank you for sth./doing sth. 为…而感谢 

have/has/had to do =must do 不得不;必须

come over to… 顺便来访

the day after tomorrow 后天

keep quiet 保持安静

have a party  开晚会

come to the party  来参加聚会

go to the concert去音乐会 

be free  有空---be busy 繁忙的 

all day = the whole day 整天

come to  来到

would love/like to…愿意…

too much太多

play soccer踢足球

the science report科学报告



1.Can you come to my party on Wednesday?  你星期三能来参加我的晚会吗?

2.Sorry.I can't.I have a piano lesson.  对不起,我不能。我要上钢琴课。

3.Sure.I'd love to.当然,我愿意。

4.I'm playing soccer.我在踢足球。

5.I have too much homework(to do) this weekend .


6.I have to go to the doctor.我得去看医生。

7.I can't join you because I have to help my mom.


8.I'm having a piano lesson the day after tomorrow.后天我要上钢琴课。

9.Can you come over to my house to discuss the science report.


Can you come to my birthday party?
Yes,I'd love to./Sorry,Ican't.I have to study for a test.
I'm sorry. I'm playing soccer on Saturday.
When is the party? It's at seven thirty.




1.lesson: ['lesn] 

名词 n. [C]① 功课;课业Lessons begin at 8:00. 八点钟开始上课。

②课程[P1][(+in/on)]She gives the children lessons in music.


They usually have four lessons in the morning.上午他们通常有四堂课。
④ 教训,训诫
The young man has learned his lesson and won't drive under the influence again.   小伙子已得到了教训,再也不敢酒后开车了。

及物动词 vt. 教训,训斥I'll lesson you, ! 我要教训你!

【积累】与lesson有关的短语:have a…lesson上一节……课,give sb. a lesson给某人上课,do one's lesson做功课, teach sb. a lesson给某人一个教训
We have four English classes/lessons every week.每周我们上四节英语课。
There are no classes/lessons on Sunday.星期天没有课。
There are fifteen classes in our school.我们学校有15个班级。
Good morning,Class!同学们,早上好。
Class begin at 9:00 in the morning.上午9点开始上课。
Don't talk in class.课堂上不要讲话。

(类似短语:after class课后;out of class课外;)
Please read the first lesson.请读第一课。
There are 120 lessons in Book One.第一册书有120课。
We study Chinese,Maths,English and other lessons.

I can help you with your lessons.我能帮你学习功课。
The girl is doing her lessons.这个女孩正在做她的功课。


2.sure: [?u?]

形容词 adj. ① 确信的,有把握的 [+(that)][+wh-][(+about/of)]
I'm not sure whether our team will win. 我不能肯定我队是否能赢。
We are sure of his honesty. 我们确信他是诚实的。

② 一定的,必定的 [+to-v]
She is sure to write to you. 她一定会给你写信的。

③ 确实的;可靠的
One thing is sure, he won't let you down.
Exercise is a sure way of losing weight. 运动是减肥的可靠办法。

副词 adv.【美】【口】的确;一定;当然
It's sure cold outside. 外面实在很冷。

【积累】be sure to do sth.一定、务必做某事; be sure +that从句,(例如:
I'm sure that the weather will change soon.我有把握说天气马上会变的。);Make sure+that从句“务必,确信……”。


3.another: [?'n???]     
形容词 adj. ① 又一,再一He drank another glass of beer.


② 另一;另外的That's another matter.那是另外一回事。

代词 pron.①又一个,再一个The little boy finished his cake and asked for another. 小男孩吃完自己的饼后,要求再吃一块。

② 另一个  I don't like this one, please show me another.

例如:another two hours= two more hours再加两个小时

4.whom: [hu:m]

I only confide in those whom I can trust. 我仅信赖我能相信的人。
With whom did you go hiking yesterday?你昨天和谁一起出行的?

Whom /Who will you ask for help?你将向谁求助?


5.join: [d??in]

1)及物动词 vt. ① 连结;使结合[(+to/together/up)]
He joined the two pieces of wood together with glue.

  Will you join us for dinner?

 I'll advise him to join our club. 我将建议他加入我们的俱乐部。
2)不及物动词 vi. ①会合;相遇Where do the two rivers join?

② 邻接The two estates join at the foot of the hill.

3)名词 n. 接合点;接连处[C]The joins can hardly be seen.


【辨析】take part in 与join的区别:
①take part in 意为“参加,参与(某事物或某活动)比如说参加运动会。例如:  How many countries will take part in the World Cup?
② join意为“参加(某组织),加入(某处任职),参加到某个人群中去,从而成为其中一员”。例如:
          She joined a health club. 她参加了一个健身俱乐部。


6.invitation: [,invi'tei??n] 

名词 n. [(+to)][+to-v] 邀请, 请帖;其后长接介词to表示“对……的邀请”。例如:
She received an invitation to the party.她接到参加聚会的邀请。
They sent out 200 invitations to their wedding.


Invite是invitation的名词形式,常构成“invite sb. to do sth.”表示“邀请某人做某事”。例如:
 He invited several of his friends to the show.



名词 n.训练;锻炼,培养 [(+in/for)]
  She was given some quick training at the vocational school.



8.call: [k?:l]
 1)动词 v. ①(大声)叫喊,呼叫[(+out)]
              "Come on," she called out. "快,"她喊道。

②呼唤;召唤;召集  Shall I call you a taxi? 我给你叫辆出租车好吗?
③ 打电话给[(+up)]
       Call me at the office this afternoon.午后打电话到我办公室来。

④把...叫做,称呼  She called him Joe. 她称他乔。
   I promised to call on her after the examination.


2)名词 n. [C] ①呼叫,喊叫;鸣
We heard a call for help. 我们听到呼救的声音。

② (一次)电话,通话
She made a long-distance call to Hong Kong.她打长途电话到香港。

The ship will make calls at several ports. 该船将在数个港口停靠。


9.match: [m?t?]

① 名词n.比赛,竞赛,火柴, 导火线
  Our side beat the other in the match. 我方在竞赛中击败了对方。

② 动词v.  和...相配,和...相称
The color of the shirt does not match that of the tie.


Can you match the words with their meanings?


10.whole: [h?ul]

1)形容词 adj. ① 全部的,全体的,所有的
  I'm deeply sorry about the whole business. 对整个事情我深感遗憾。

  He was surprised to find himself whole after the car accident.

③整整的 He spent two whole years writing the novel.

2)名词 n.全部,全体[the S][(+of)
 The whole of China was full of sadness after the earthquake.


“all 限定词 名词” “限定词 whole 名词”
1)all与 whole都可以和单数名词连用。例如:
  ①Mary spent all the summer at home. 玛丽整个夏天都是在家里度过的。   也可以说成:
  ②Mary spent the whole summer at home.
  ③all my life我的一生=my whole life
2)all通常与不可数物质名词连用,而 whole则不能。例如:  
  ④正:Jane has drunk all the milk.
    误:Jane has drunk the whole milk. 珍妮喝光了所有的牛奶。
  ⑤You can easily spend whole day there. (whole多与可数名词连用)

▲但有些抽象名词前可用 whole。例如:
  Can you tell me the whole truth?(=Can you tell me all the truth?)

3)the whole of或all(of)可放在专有名词,代词和限定词之前。例如:
  The whole of/All of London was under water. 整个伦敦都被水淹没。


11.over: ['?uv?]

prep.&adv. 在...之上,在正上方; (覆盖)在...上面; 越过...; 从一边至另一边; 超过,多余(=more than);adj. 结束的,完了的

We live over a small bookstore.   我们住在一家小书店的楼上。

A plane flew over the house. 一架飞机飞过了房子。

She stepped over to the other side to avoid meeting him.

The number of the students in our school is over 1,000.

  Summer is over. It is autumn now.夏天过去了。秋天到了。
【拓展】over-前缀 pref. 超过","越过""过度","在上面","在上空"例如:overage 过老的overall 总的overdo 过度overdrink 饮过量overeat 吃过量overpopulation 人口过剩oversea 外国的oversleep 睡过头overspeed 超速overspend 超支overuse 使用过度overtime 超时,etc.



1)形容词adj. ①空闲的(反义词为busy)

    I'm quite free this evening.  我今晚没有事。

 ② 免费的They enjoy free medical care.他们享受免费医疗。

 ③ 自由的;不受控制的 He felt himself at last absolutely free.    他终于觉得自己完全自由了。

 ④闲置的;未被占用的  Is that seat free?  那个座位有人吗?

2)动词vt.  使自由;解放[(+from)]

  Abraham Lincoln freed the slaves.  亚伯拉罕·林肯解放了奴隶。




 maybe与may be用法的区别:
(一) ①may 是一个情态动词,后面接动词原形,表示推测,有“可能;或许”的意思。如:She may go to school this afternoon.今天下午她或许去上学。
②maybe 是一个副词,意为“大概;也许”相当于perhaps,通常用于句首,有     时也放在句中或句末,在句中作状语。如:Maybe he can come.他可能会来。
③may和be 如果分开写,就是情态动词 may +系动词be,在句中作谓语动词,构成主系表结构,译为“可能是”。如:
He may be a student.他可能是一个学生。

    (1)你也许是对的。 ①Maybe you are right. ②You may be right.
    (2)他可能迷路了。 ①Maybe he has lost the way.
                      ②He may have lost the way.
                      ③It may be that he has lost the way.
(三)maybe 可单独用作答语,但 may be 不能这样用。如:
   A:Do you think he’ll come back? 你认为他会回来吗?
   B:Maybe. (Maybe not.) 也许会回来吧(也许不会回来吧)

try作动词时,意为“试图,努力,设法”。常见结构有:try to do sth.和try doing sth.两者用法有些差别:
try to do 表面的意思是; 试着做某事,但实际上的意思是:努力想做成某事。

比如,I tried to escape,but I failed. "我努力着想逃走,但是没有成功。"

而try doing 表面意思也是:试着做某事,但实际意思是:(为了达到另外的一个目的)做某种尝试看行不行。 比如,

----"So hot here,isn't it?"
----"Yes,why not try turning on the air conditioner?"

"很热,是吧。" “嗯,就是。咱们开开空调吧,看看能不能凉快点儿。”

I tried using English everyday to improve my oral English.



总之,一句话,就是try to do 是那种“全力以赴,殚精竭虑的干某事”的意思,并且,似乎一般都是没有成功的,有一种,“本来很想怎么怎么样,可最后白忙一通儿”的这种感觉。

而try doing是那种“(试着)怎么怎么样,看看某种方案对另外一个结果有没有帮助”的意思,说白了,只是提出一种方案而已,我感觉如果你哪怕把try doing 理解成 do,意思都还基本是一样的 。就像上面那句 :

-------"So hot here,isn't it?"

-------"Yes,why not try turning on the air conditioner?"

也可说成: ----"So hot here,isn't it?"

---- Yes,why not turn on the air conditioner?"

“What's  today?”是问星期、日期、还是节日呢?“今天”可有点麻烦啦!
①What's today?是问:“今天是几月几号,星期几?”答的时候要先答星期,再答月份,然后是几号,最后才是年份。例如,可以回答:
  It's Monday,January the 18th,2010.今天是星期一,2010年1月18日。

②问日期时这样说:What's today's date?  What's the date today?

③问星期时应该说:“What day is it today”或者“What day is it?”
④而What's the day today?是问“今天什么节日?”回答 节日,比如国庆节      National Day等等



 如: Let’s go and watch the football game (match). 咱们去看足球赛吧。

②在英国match通常指比赛,而在美国game通常指比赛,另外game作复数时一般指大型的国际体育运动会。如: the Olympic Games 奥林匹克运动会 

 ③sport多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球、跳高、游泳、钓鱼、打猎、赛马等。如:  Skating is one of the winter sports. 
sport作复数时可以和meet, day连用, 指运动会。如: sports meet或sports day。



other ,the othe,others,another好像都有“别的”这个意思,你能分清吗? 

  This dress is dirty,please change another one for me.

(2)the other表示“两个数量中的另一个”,表示特指,总数为俩;它可以单独使用,也可用the other+可数名词单数。例如;
  His parents both work in a hospital. One is a doctor and the other is a nurse.他父母都在一家医院工作。一个是医生,一个是护士。(父母为两个人)

  ①Some students like English and other students (others) like physics.


②We must think more of others.

我们必须多想想别人。 (同学们:这可是好品质哦!)
(4)the others指一定范围内其余所有的人或物,表示特指。也可用the other+名词复数来代替。
    This dictionary is better than the others. 这本词典比别[其余]的好。

【补充】else adv.别的. (用于疑问词、不定代词后)其他,另外
I'm going to take you somewhere else. 我要带你去别处。
I don't think there is anything else we need to discuss tonight.
Is there anything else you want?你还要些别的什么吗?
Who else is there in the house?屋子里还有谁?
someone else's books (别人的书)

1.Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon? Sure, I’d love to.





2. May I ask you some questions? Sure. / Of course. /Certainly.


翻译:   我能用一下您的钢笔吗?当然可以。                                  


3.I would love to go to your party. 我愿意参加你的聚会。



4. She isn’t very well these days and has to stay home.


翻译:   我们必须去帮助他摆脱困境。                                      


5. We can learn what we did not know. 我们能够学会原来不知道的东西。



6. Thank you for inviting me. =Thanks for asking (having, inviting)


翻译:   谢谢你们来看我。                                                 


7. Maybe another time.或许下一次吧。

翻译:   这件外套太小,请再给我拿一件。                                    


8. Can she go to the movies? No, she can’t. She’s playing soccer.





9. Read these dialogues and find out about another kind of football.




10.  She and I are both students. 我和她都是学生。



1.Can you go to the movie with me on Sunday? Sorry,I have to visit my aunt.
2.May I use your pen? Sure. / Of course. /Certainly.
3.I would love to come tomorrow,but  I′m afraid I can′t.
4.We have to help him get out of the trouble.
5.We should learn how we learn.
6.Thank you for seeing me.
7.This coat is too small,please give me another one.
8.Can they go to the concert?No,they can′t.They′re going to a party.
9.I′ll  find out when the train arrives.
10.①We should both learn English well./Both of us should learn English well.
   ②We should thank you both.)


(一)have to 的用法


(1)have to 与动词原形一起构成谓语,它可用于多种时态,有人称和数的变化。在一般现在时中,当主语是第三人称单数时,要用has to,其余人称用have to;一般过去时中用had to;一般将来时中用will have to.
(2)比较have to和must: 

① 两词都是'必须'的意思,have to 表示客观的需要, must 表示说话人主观上的看法,即主观上的必要。

   My brother was very ill, so I had to call the doctor in the middle of the night.

  He said that they must work hard.


② have to有人称、数、时态的变化,而must只有一种形式。但must 可用于间接引语中表示过去的必要或义务。
 He had to look after his sister yesterday.His parents were out.

③ 在否定结构中: don't have to  表示"不必"; mustn't    表示"禁止"。

   You don't have to tell him about it.  你不一定要把此事告诉他。
   You mustn't tell him about it.        你一定不要把这件事告诉他。


情态动词can 的过去式为could ,(有时could表示更委婉的语气。)
①表示能力、功能等:“ 能,能够,会”:
  例句: We can and must overcome our shortcomings.
②表示可能性: “可能;可以;会”:
  例句: In winter the winds can be very cold.
③表示从内心里可以接受: “可以,能够”
  例句: I can regard you as my brother but you must obey what I tell you .
④表示请求、要求、建议等:  “可以”:
  例句: Can you help me to carry these books to the classroom?
⑤表示允许等: “可以”:
  例句: You can have my seat.I'm going now. 
【注意】can表示能力可和be able to互换使用,且后者有更多的时态,be able to常被用来表示can所不能表示的将来或完成时的概念。



1.I'm trying_______ it better.
  A.to do    B.doing    C.did    D.does
【剖析】本题考查try的结构用法。try to do sth.意为“尽力做某事”,try doing sth.意为“试着做某事”,由题意“我想尽力把它做得更好。”可知答案选A.

2. The work is too difficult for Mr Zhu to finish in a week. He  needs _________ days.
  A.more  two   B .two  more   C. two  another    D.another  more
本句意为“他需要另外两天。” ,故答案选B. 注意:本空如果填another  two亦可。


3.——Could  have  a look  at  the  photo  of  your family?
——Of  course  you _______ .
     A.may     B.can     C.could  D.couldn't

【剖析】本题考查can与could的用法。Could I…?是请求别人许可时常用的句型,肯定回答用Yes/Of course/Sure,you can,但不可用could回答,因为could在此句型中是一种委婉的语气,而不是can的过去式。故答案选B.

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